Cell Specialisation

Plants and animals are multicellular (consist of many cells).  Humans are made up of trillions of cells.  

All eukaryotic organisms contain many different types of cells. Each type of cell is designed to carry out a particular job or function. This is known as CELL SPECIALISM.

Humans are made up of over 220 different types of cells.

Examples of Specialist Cells

Animal Cells       

Sperm Cell

Nerve Cell

Red Blood Cell

Egg Cell

Cilliated Epithelial Cells

White Blood Cells

By CNX OpenStax [CC BY 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

By Studentreader [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) 

By Chippolito [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Blausen.com staff 

Plant Cells

Plants have fewer specialised cells than humans.  

The basic structure of a leaf can be seen below.  

By Zephyris [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons

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All images sourced from wikicommons.org unless otherwise stated